Fred Clough graduated from Stanford University (BA) in 1965 and from UCLA School of Law (JD) in 1968. From 1968 to 1970, he served as a Ist Lt and Cpt in the US Army, including a 12 month tour of duty in Vietnam.
Before retiring in 2010, he practiced law for forty years. From 1970 to 1973, he was a Deputy Counsel for the County of Los Angeles. In August, 1973, he joined the City Attorney’s Office in Santa Barbara, where he served until November 1982. From 1977 until 1982, he was the City Attorney for the City of Santa Barbara. For the next 18 years, he was a partner in two Santa Barbara law firms: Schramm & Raddue and Reicker, Clough, Pfau and Pyle. In Frebruary, 2001, he become the General Counsel of Pacific Capital Bank and served in that capacity and as Senior Vice President and then Executive Vice President until his retirement on March 31, 2010.
Since moving to Santa Barbara in August, 1973, Mr Clough has been vary active in civic affairs, serving on the boards of many non-profit organizations, including Cottage Hospital, the Santa Barbara Zoo, Las Positas Park Foundation, Child Abuse Listening Mediation (CALM) and the Council on Alcohol and Drug Abuse (CADA).
Mr Clough has been a member of the Board of the Rudi Schulte Research Institute since 2001.
Michael Franzen is a licensed Certified Public Accountant, and a partner with Franzen & Franzen, LLP, in Santa Barbara, California. He has a B.A. in Business Economics from the University of California, at Santa Barbara. He was named by the Pacific Coast Business Times in 2007 as one of the top 40 business leaders under the age of 40.
Mr. Franzen serves as President of the Hemophilia Foundation of Southern California, as a Board Member and Finance Committee Chair for PathPoint, and Finance Committee Member for St. Raphael School.
Mr. Franzen lives in Santa Barbara with his wife Melissa, and their three children. In his spare time he enjoys coaching his son’s soccer team, and participating in endurance events, including triathlons, half marathons and mud runs.
J. Gordon McComb, M.D.
J. Gordon McComb, MD is Professor of Neurological Surgery at the University of Southern California/Keck School of Medicine and Chief Emeritus of the Division of Neurosurgery at Childrens Hospital Los Angeles (CHLA).
He graduated from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, in 1961, with a degree in Chemical Engineering. He then earned his medical degree from the University of Miami in 1965, followed by a surgical internship at the University of California Los Angeles. Next, he did a year of pediatric residency at CHLA before going on active duty with the US Air Force, where he spent two years in a Vietnamese hospital attending to pediatric and adult civilian patients, many of who were casualties of the war. His neurosurgical residency was at Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, a program completed in 1973. Additional periods of training were undertaken at the University of California in San Francisco and Parkland Memorial Hospital in Dallas.
Upon completion of his residency, he traveled to University College London, London, England for a fellowship in the Department of Physiology, working with Hugh Davson, a noted physiologist, investigating the pathophysiology of hydrocephalus, a research and clinical interest he has maintained throughout his career. Following the fellowship, he returned to CHLA, where he has remained ever since.
Under his direction, the pediatric neurosurgical service at CHLA has become a leading center on the West Coast for treatment of children with neurosurgical disorders. In addition to University of Southern California residents, residents from other programs rotate to CHLA for their pediatric neurosurgical experience. A fellowship program has also been developed.
He has published hundreds of clinical and basic research papers, book chapters and abstracts that have advanced the diagnosis and treatment of infants and children with neurosurgical disorders. His basic research interests continue to focus on CSF physiology, the patho-physiology of hydrocephalus and the nature of the blood-brain-barrier.
During medical school, he was awarded a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Student Research Fellowship and was also elected to Alpha-Omega-Alpha in his junior year. During his time in Vietnam, he was awarded the Commendation Medal by the US Air Force and several wards by the then Republic of Vietnam. He was awarded the Robert H. Pudenz prize for excellence in CSF physiology in 1991, the Byron Cone Pevehouse Distinguished Service Award of the California Association of Neurological Surgeons in 2013 and the Distinguished Achievement Award for the Hydrocephalus Association in 2014. In addition, he has received several awards from CHLA.
He has served on and chaired numerous committees at CHLA and USC, including being a member of the Board of Directors of CHLA. In addition, he served five two-year terms as President of the University of Childrens Medical Group, the medical practice group based at CHLA.
He has participated in many activities of various neurosurgical organizations, and is Past President of The International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, the American Society of Pediatric Neurosurgery and the Southern California Neurosurgical Society. He is also a member of the Medical Advisory Board of the Hydrocephalus Association and the Board of Directors Rudi Schulte Research Institute. He is a member of the editorial board of Neurosurgery, Pediatric Neurosurgery, World Neurosurgery and Journal of Neuro-Oncology. He is also a founding member of the American Board of Pediatric Neurosurgery.
He was married to his late wife Rhoda for over 36 years. They have three children and five grandchildren.
Michael L. J. Apuzzo, M.D.
Dr. Apuzzo is Distinguished Adjunct Professor in the Department of Neurosurgery at the Yale University School of Medicine.
One of the world’s best known and most respected neurosurgeons, he is a native of New Haven, CT. He obtained his education at the Hopkins School, Yale College, Boston University School of Medicine, McGill University, and the Yale Medical School. He completed his neurosurgical residency at the Yale-New Haven Hospital.
Following a period of distinguished service on U.S. Navy nuclear powered fleet ballistic missile submarines under NATO, he was appointed to the faculty of the Division of Neurosurgery at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles (1973).
There he quickly established highly progressive activities in pioneering applications of emerging technologies and methods to a broad spectrum of challenges in neurosurgery. These included micro-neurosurgery, endoscopy, imaging directed cerebral navigation, cerebral navigation and the application of interstitial radio-nuclides and high energy forms. He established (the computer) as a neurosurgical tool and devised novel methods of minimally invasive operative techniques.
Concurrently, he developed seminal laboratories in immunology, molecular and cellular biology, later defining the area of “cellular and molecular neurosurgery”—thus expanding the domains of neurosurgical therapeutic activity.
He pioneered stereotactic radiosurgery, cerebral grafting and the concept of “neurorestoration”.
In addition, he led the initial clinical studies study of modulatory methods for management of epilepsy and other functional diseases, including pain, movement and neuropsychiatric disorders.
He studied and championed emerging areas of operative simulation, operating room design and nanotechnology. These activities have been documented in more than 800 contributions to the medical literature. These included: Surgery of the Third Ventricle, Brain: Surgery Complication Avoidance and Management and Surgery of the Human Cerebrum—all highly influential texts and considered “classics” in the field.
He was appointed Editor of NEUROSURGERY in 1991 and served in that capacity for 19 years. During that time, he led the publication into the digital age founding and developing NEUROSURGERY On-Line and Operative NEUROSURGERY. These proved to be highly influential and major creative forces of modernity in clinical and research areas worldwide. Later, he was asked to found the peer-reviewed journal World Neurosurgery and World Neuorsurgery.org by the WFNS. Over a 5-year period, the publication took its place among the leading journals in clinical neuroscience. The journal represented Dr. Apuzzo’s longstanding activities in establishing unified internationality in the field and optimization of neurosurgical care worldwide.
He has worked diligently to establish a role for the neurosurgeon in sport. He served as the initial and principle neurosurgical consultant for the University of Southern California (USC) Trojan Athletic Department and the New York Football Giants as well as the primary consultant to the Head and Spinal Injury Committees and Commissioners of the National Football League (NFL). He was instrumental in developing and initiating modern protocols for head injury study and management in sport universally.
Dr. Apuzzo’s career has principally focused on disorders of the human cerebrum and the application of emerging technology and progressive neuroscience in creative and innovative methods to establish the cutting edge of modernity. Over a four-decade period, Apuzzo’s activities and collective body of work helped reinvent neurosurgery and earned him iconic historical status.
HONORS & RECOGNITION
• Distinguished Adjunct Professor of Neurosurgery
Department of Neurosurgery, Yale University School of Medicine (2015)
• Founder’s Laurel
Congress of Neurological Surgeons (2014)
• Distinguished Career Award
Society of University Neurosurgeons (2013)
• Francesco Durante International Prize
University of Messina (Sicily) and La Sapienza (Rome, Italy) (2010)
• Vilhelm Magnus Medal
Norwegian Neurological Society (2009)
• Michael L.J. Apuzzo Lecture on Creativity and Innovation
Established in perpetuity by the Congress of Neurological Surgeons (2006)
• GAGNA A. Ch Van Heck Prize
The National Foundation for Scientific Research (2003)
• William Beecher Scoville Prize
World Federation of Neurological Societies (WFNS) (2001)
• Honored Guest Laureate
Congress of Neurological Surgeons (2001)
• Distinguished Alumnus
Hopkins School New Haven (2001)
• Herbert Olivecrona Medal
Karolinska Hospital and Institute (1998)
• Sixto Obrador Gold Medal
World Health Organization (WHO) & WFNS (1996)
• Distinguished Career Award
American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery (1996)
• Edwin M. Todd/Trent H. Wells Jr., Professor, Neurological Surgery, and Radiation
Oncology, Biology, and Physics
Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California (1995)
• Distinguished Alumnus
Boston University School of Medicine (1995)
• Honorary National Society Memberships
Germany, Austria, Norway, Scandinavia, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Mexico, Brazil, Japan, China,
and Korea (1980)
• Board Certification
American Board of Neurological Surgery (1976)
• Fleet Admirals Commendation
United States Navy Nuclear Submarine Force, New London, Connecticut (1970)
• United States Surgeon General’s Award
United States Navy, School of Submarine, Nuclear and Deep Sea Diving Medicine, New
London, Connecticut (1968)
I received my B.S. and M.D degrees from the University of Wisconsin and completed my internship at the Highland Alameda Hospital in Oakland California. After military service as a flight surgeon in Asia I completed a residency in Neurosurgery at the University of Colorado. I received my MS degree from that University as well. NIH awarded me a special fellowship at the University College, London with Hugh Davson with major interest in Blood brain barrier and CSF physiology. I was initially the Chief and associate Professor of Neurosurgery and Physiology at the University of New Mexico and later Professor and Chairman of neurosurgery at the University of Oklahoma Health Science Center. I am a diplomate of the American board of Neurological surgery. I am a member of the Society of Neurological Surgery and various neurosurgical societies and President of the Rocky Mountain neurosurgical society. My area of research was in the brain barrier systems, which resulted in over 100 publications prior to retirement in 1996 when I became associate dean of clinical affairs and CEO of the Presbyterian Neurological Center, Oklahoma City. I served on Neurology B study section for 6 years and the editorial board of the Journal of Neurosurgery. Following retirement I became Medical Advisor to the Pudenz Schulte Corporation, which later became Medtronic Neurosurgery from which I retired in 2014. I am now a member of the Rudi Schulte Research Institute of Santa Barbara California.